Cockroaches live in dark, humid places and prefer warm spots. But also in dry places that have access to water. In the warehouses and human dwellings they find favorable temperature and food, so that they can reproduce almost all year round. They cannot survive cold temperatures, just around 20οC.
Cockroaches are polyphagous saprophagous insects. They eat plant and animal materials, for example food, animal feed, garbage, dead insects and other animals, as well as animal waste.
They cause allergies that are manifested by nasal symptoms (allergic rhinitis), bronchitis (allergic asthma) and skin (allergic rash). Infectious hepatitis and polio viruses have also been found to be transmitted through cockroaches.
- American Cockroach - Americana Cockroach (Periplaneta Americana)
The nymphs have no wings and they run very fast. Adult cockroaches survive without food for up to three months and for one month without water. They can fly. They grow and reproduce at temperatures above 21 ° C.
It is found in dark and humid places and avoids light. It is especially found in sewers, sinks, toilet pipettes and more.
- German Cockroach (Blattella Germanica)
German cockroaches are considered "domestic cockroaches" as they live in homes, apartments, restaurants, food industries, hospitals and more. They mainly prefer kitchens and toilets because they are in dire need of moisture. They are omnivorous and carnivorous, and if left without food, they can even have cannibalistic tendencies. It is a carrier of microorganisms that are transmitted by their body and their waste into food.
- Oriental cockroach - Oriental Cockroach (Blatta Orientalis)
This species prefers wet spaces with decomposed organic matter and is considered the most impure species of ecoparasitic cockroaches. As they prefer colder temperatures, they are found in cold underground, in uninhabited buildings or areas without heating and move en masse during the autumn. Each female cockroach produces 16 eggs that hatch for 60 days. Females live 1-6 months and can die if left without water for two weeks and without food for one month.
Combating them can be done by spraying or applying gel, depending on the type and point of infestation.